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Canberra Week in Review 23rd October

It has been a week to remember in Australian politics.


Former treasurer Joe Hockey, leaving politics following the leadership change, made his farewell speech to a packed House of Representatives and left with a warning.

“A 24-hour news cycle has changed politics forever, but I’m not sure that the traditional Westminster system has kept pace with that change. It is now far more difficult to examine and debate policy issues in a measured and considered way.”

Mr Hockey called again for an end to what he has described as the age of entitlement, welfare payments to what he called middle-class Australians.

“Finding the solutions to the social challenges and the financial threats of today, it can’t be postponed to another time, it can’t be left to another generation. Intergenerational theft and betrayal is not the Australian way.”

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull paid tribute to Mr Hockey, calling him a great Australian.

“Your father, Richard, came to Australia as a young man, a young Armenian man … came to Australia and started a small business and prospered with his family. Your story is a classic Australian story of migration.”

In policy developments, Mr Turnbull’s leadership team has reached a deal on a key budget measure from 2014 that was previously blocked in the Senate.

The new social-services minister, Christian Porter, is overseeing a new proposal to cut family payments to eligible families once a child reaches age 13, instead of age 6.

Mr Porter detailed the changes.

“You will, of course, recall that, in the previous measure which we are now reversing, we had taken down the cut-off age to 6 years. We are now lifting that back up to 13. But we are making certain mitigatory payments, because we have considered and listened to some of the issues about the particular difficulties in rearing children at 13 and above that attach particularly to grandparents, but also in single-parent families.”

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten says Labor is waiting for more detail.

“This Government’s only backed off on family payments because of the strength of the Labor Party — and I might just give Jenny Macklin a bit of a shout-out here, but the whole Labor team has been very staunch in making sure that families on low incomes don’t lose thousands of dollars.”

The China free-trade agreement is expected now to be law by the end of the year.

Labor has had its planned workplace-protection measures approved by the Government, which means the legislation will pass the parliament.

Bill Shorten explained Labor’s position.

“So I am pleased today to announce that, through the hard work of Penny Wong, working with Minister Andrew Robb, that Labor now has achieved what we believe to be satisfactory legal protections which weren’t previously proposed, which means that Labor can now support the speedy passage of the China-Australia free-trade agreement. Today is, indeed, a good day.”

Andrew Robb, who negotiated the agreement, welcomed the news.

“The last few months has caused confusion in China about, ‘Just what is the attitude of Australians, who are our biggest trading partner?’ It has very wide implications, very important implications. We’re grateful that the Opposition has properly recognised that issue as well. Importantly, the agreement that we’ve reached with the Opposition will in no way contravene the commitments that have been made.”

Mr Turnbull also announced new rules for financial services, superannuation and credit-card surcharges.

It is the official response to the Murray Inquiry into the financial-services sector.

“We are constantly focused on ensuring, from a prudential point of view, our banks and major financial institutions are safe, both for depositors and for investors. They’re critical to the stability of our whole economy. From a superannuation point of view, the focus is on ensuring that people, Australians saving for their retirement, have both choice and security. From consumers, there are also important responses here to ensure that consumers are protected.”

Malcolm Turnbull’s opinion ratings as prime minister have jumped, and there has been a poll boost, too, for the Government.

Foreign Minister Julie Bishop, a key backer in the Turnbull coup, was delighted.

“Look, I don’t comment on the polls. It’s obviously reassuring to know that the Australian people are supporting the Coalition and they support Prime Minister Turnbull.”

Immigration policy continues to grab headlines for all the wrong reasons, though.

The Government flew a Somali asylum seeker who was allegedly raped in Nauru to Australia for an abortion, but it did not go ahead, and she was flown back to Nauru.

Minister Peter Dutton was left to explain the Government’s position.

“On Sunday, the 11th, the lady arrived in Brisbane, was reviewed by a primary-health nurse. On the following day, the12th, the lady was transferred to Villawood, was there reviewed by a mental-health nurse, where an interpreter was present, and also was consulted with a GP, and an interpreter was present for that occasion as well.”

The woman’s lawyers have disputed the facts as outlined by the Minister.

Refugee advocates say she was flown back to Nauru too quickly.










Finkel the answer to Aust weakness: PM

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says he’s putting innovation at the heart of government policy with the appointment of an entrepreneur as Australia’s new chief scientist.


Prominent engineer and neuroscientist Alan Finkel, who is also an advocate of nuclear energy, has been billed as the man who can help Australia bridge the gap between scientific research and industry.

It’s one of Australia’s weaknesses and it needs to be addressed if Australia is to remain a prosperous “high-wage, generous social welfare net economy in the years to come”, Mr Turnbull told reporters in Canberra on Tuesday.

“Science as part of innovation is at the very heart of this government’s policy,” Mr Turnbull said.

“(Dr Finkel) absolutely fits the spirit of the times in which we live.

“A scientist and an entrepreneur, an innovator, a communicator.”

Labor and the Greens also welcomed his appointment.

“Although we differ with him about nuclear power, we hope Dr Finkel’s appointment represents a new scientific consensus that coal’s days are numbered,” Greens MP Adam Bandt said.

Industry Minister Christopher Pyne said Australia was sixth in the OECD when it comes to quality of research but last when it comes to commercialisation of that research.

He said Dr Finkel fits into the government’s new priority of linking business and science.

“We have demonstrably appointed him as a signal to the sector that we want science and business to be very much focused together in this country to create jobs, to create growth and to make breakthroughs that assist in the human development,” he said.

Mr Pyne said the government would announce a comprehensive innovation and science agenda by the end of the year.

Dr Finkel is Chancellor of Monash University and president of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering.

He said Australia was at a “critical moment”, under a leadership team that appreciates the importance of science and technology and understands how it can deliver prosperity and productivity.

Dr Finkel takes the reins from Professor Ian Chubb as the government’s top science adviser in January.

Prof Chubb said Dr Finkel came to the role with a “rare blend of passion, patience and persistence the position demands”.

Jamming with your toddler – how music trumps reading for childhood development

Liam Viney, The University of Queensland

Forget the Mozart Effect and Baby Einstein, take it easy on acquisitions for your two-year-old’s private library, and don’t fret if your three-year-old hasn’t started violin lessons just yet.


The key to unlocking a child’s potential intelligence and happiness may indeed lie in music, but succumbing to the commercial juggernaut that is the baby-genius-making industry may not be in either your child or your wallet’s best interest.

Instead, try making up songs with your toddler. A new study suggests that regular informal music-making with very young children may even have benefits above and beyond those of reading.

But there’s an important, interesting, and somewhat beautiful catch – for best results, make it shared music-making in your home.

In an analysis of data generated from a study involving more than 3,000 children, a University of Queensland team investigated the associations between informal home music education for very young children and later cognitive and social-emotional outcomes.

The team found that informal music-making in the home from around the ages of two and three can lead to better literacy, numeracy, social skills, and attention and emotion regulation by the age of five.

By measuring the impact of music and reading both separately and in combined samples, the researchers were able to identify benefits from informal music activity over and above shared book reading, most strongly in relation to positive social behaviour, attention regulation and to a lesser but still significant extent, numeracy.

Part of an Australian Research Council funded study titled “Being and becoming musical: towards a cultural ecological model of early musical development”, the study aims to provide a comprehensive account of how Australian families use music in their parenting practices and make recommendations for policy and practice in childcare and early learning and development.

Last month, the team was awarded the inaugural Music Trust Award for Research into the Benefits of Music Education.

Music and its relationship to mental and social development has long captured the attention of parents, researchers, even philosophers.

Science has shown that music’s effect on the brain is particularly strong, with studies demonstrating an improvement in IQ among students who receive music lessons. Advantages in the classroom have been identified for students who study musical instruments, and the effects of ageing on cognition may even be mitigated through lifelong musical activity.

So how is this study different, apart from its focus on early childhood?

Crucially, its findings are based on situations where the child’s musical activities were informal and shared, typically with a parent – essentially a playful social experience.

Simple and fun musical activities can have enormous power in developing numeracy and literacy: try improvising a counting song, or making up new rhymes to familiar tunes.

But the true power of musical play lies in the unique blend of creativity, sound and face-to-face interaction; the learning is strengthened by its basis in a positive, empathic emotional relationship.

Parents are increasingly enrolling very young children in specialist music classes – undoubtedly a positive development. Reading, however, is rarely “outsourced” in this way, and this study suggests that parents should feel encouraged and empowered in tapping their own inner musician before looking outside the home.

As with most aspects of parenting (in my personal non-scientific experience), there is no substitute for a parent’s personal involvement, even if it involves long-forgotten modes of behaviour such as taking simple pleasure in making sounds.

Being playful with sound is something we’re all born with – indeed, toddlers are humanity’s greatest virtuosos in that regard – yet too many are silenced over the years by the “better seen than heard” brigade.

It’s no accident that we talk about “playing” a musical instrument; a turn of phrase that too easily becomes sadly ironic if formal music lesson structures calcify into strictures.

So recapturing a sense of play (if you’re an adult) is crucial to the process of shared music-making, and this research invites parents to focus on the element of “playing” music with toddlers, using any tools at hand.

The human voice is a great place to start, and the kitchen cabinet contains a wealth of percussion instruments. Whistles and bells could be the next step, followed by a toy piano for more ambitious stage parents.

Long before conventional music lessons start, jam sessions with your toddler (not of the messy sticky preserved fruit variety) can be an enormous developmental asset.

You might even find it a two-way street – if children can teach adults anything, it’s how to play. So take the time, play with your child, and “play” music together.

Along with the newly-confirmed bonus benefits for baby, you’ll both be connected to music: a fundamental component of a happy and healthy life.

Liam Viney lectures at the University of Queensland School of Music, where Professor Margaret Barrett, one of the study’s leaders, is also Head of School. Dr. Viney was not involved with any part of this study or its parent project.

Confidence stable despite bank rate rises

Consumer confidence has held steady despite an increase in home loan rates from the big banks.


The ANZ/Roy Morgan weekly consumer confidence index rose just 0.1 per cent last week, after slumping two per cent the previous week.

The result was somewhat surprising, given all four of the country’s major lenders have flagged a rise in their variable owner-occupier mortgage rates in the past two weeks.

The 1.6 per cent lift in the stockmarket, the stabilisation of the Aussie dollar, and an upbeat assessment of the economy from the Reserve Bank board minutes all played a role in offsetting that, Commonwealth Securities chief economist Craig James said.

While confidence was down one per cent over the year, it consolidated just above its long-run average.

Importantly, the measure on whether consumers felt now was a good time to buy a major household item rose to its highest level in three months, rebounding by 6.7 per cent.

“(That’s) a result that bodes well for the upcoming Christmas spending period,” he said.

But ANZ’s co-head of Australian economics Felicity Emmett said sentiment about current personal finances had fallen sharply, which likely reflected the news of higher mortgage rates.

Mr James said, the major lenders’ moves were essentially a quasi-tightening on the economy, which may be a hot topic at the Reserve Bank’s November board meeting.

“The national economy continues to improve but a rate cut before Christmas would help to boost activity across the nation,” he said.

Ms Emmett said that while respondents’ views about their household finances remained fairly solid, the economic outlook remained a concern.

“For some time, they have been without a positive narrative on the prospects for the economy,” she said.

But a broadly stable jobless rate over the past year, and hopes that Prime Minister Turnbull can deliver better medium-term economic outcomes appear to have boosted households’ economic outlook.

“The challenge will be to maintain this upward trend in an environment where the housing market looks to be slowing,” she said.

Abbas at EU to discuss surging violence

The European Union’s foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has met with Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas to discuss “concrete steps” to calm the surge of violence between Israelis and Palestinians.


“We have a meeting tonight to discuss the ways EU can contribute to a de-escalation,” Mogherini said in brief comments before a working dinner on Monday.

The EU’s diplomatic chief said she hoped the pair would discuss “concrete steps on the ground, including difficult ones, that can strengthen the Palestinians on an everyday basis”.

The European Commission is the biggest provider of financial aid to the Palestinians, providing more than 5.6 billion euros ($A8.53 billion) to Abbas’ Palestinian Authority since 1994.

Mogherini, who met with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Berlin on Thursday, admitted there was “a certain degree of frustration” in Europe over the peace process, which collapsed in April 2014 amid bitter recriminations.

Abbas repeated his criticism of what he said was Israel’s “non-respect” for the rules at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque compound, sacred to both Muslims and Jews, which is at the centre of the recent wave of violence.

“The situation in Palestine is extremely serious and grave and may even deteriorate. This is my fear,” he said.

“The main reason is the feeling of disappointment (among) the young generation,” who feel there is “no hope,” Abbas said.

Palestinians accuse Israel of seeking to change the rules that allow Jews to visit, but not to pray there.

Israel denies it has violated the status quo.

Stabbings and violent protests have become daily occurrences since simmering tensions over the compound boiled over in early October, leaving scores dead.

Abbas urged a revival of peace negotiations, calling for Israel to halt settlement-building in the West Bank and prevent “incursions” on the al-Aqsa compound.

Search called off in Canada boat sinking

Five Britons have died and a sixth person, believed to be Australian, is missing and feared dead after a whale-watching boat carrying 27 people capsized near Vancouver Island off Canada’s Pacific coast.


The search and rescue operation was called off on Monday after 21 survivors were plucked from the water, Lieutenant Commander Desmond James of he Coast Guard’s rescue centre in the provincial capital Victoria told AFP.

A Royal Canadian Mounted Police dive team later took over, scouring the ocean bed and the rugged coastline nearby for any sign of the missing sixth person, who has yet to be identified.

AAP has been told by the family of a Sydney man, 27, that he was on the boat with his girlfriend and her family when it went down.

Her father was one of five British citizens confirmed dead.

Officials admitted there was little chance the passenger would be found alive, almost 24 hours after the Leviathan II sent out a distress call to say it was sinking.

“We still remain hopeful, but we have to assume the worst,” said RCMP Corporal Janelle Shoihet.

Federal Transportation Safety Board (TSB) investigators, meanwhile, secured the site of the wreckage.

In London, Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said the four men and a woman who perished in the capsize were all British citizens.

“My thoughts are with the family and friends of all those affected by this terrible accident,” Hammond said in a statement.

Two of the victims were Canadian residents while the other three were tourists, said the British Columbia coroner’s office.

They were aged 18 to 76.

The Leviathan II went down some 12 kilometres off Tofino, a resort town on the western edge of Vancouver Island.

Owned by Jamie’s Whaling Station and Adventure Centres, the 20-metre cruise vessel was reportedly out on one of its last tours of the season, which ends October 31.

“This particular boat has done this exact same trip for 20 years twice a day. Yesterday was no different than any other day,” said tour company owner Jamie Bray.

But for reasons yet unknown, the ship capsized in waters less than seven metres deep, its bow remaining visible above water.

Locals told Canadian media the vessel may have hit rocks.

“It’s much too early to say what the causes of this accident might be,” said TSB Director of Marine Investigations Marc Andre Poisson.

A company spokeswoman said the incident happened “so quickly” that the crew was unable to send out a distress signal.

Once in the water, the crew set off flares that attracted the attention of local aboriginal fishermen nearby.

Eighteen people were hospitalised, several suffering from hypothermia, media said.

“The response here has been nothing short of phenomenal, the way that people are bringing out blankets and clothing and food, donating what they can and offering all of the services that they have,” Tofino Mayor Josie Osborne told broadcaster CTV.

“Tofino’s thoughts and prayers are with passengers, crew, emergency responders and their families. Thank you all for your messages of support,” she wrote on Twitter.

A “shocked and saddened” prime minister-elect Justin Trudeau offered his thoughts and prayers to passengers, the crew and families of the victims.

An employee who answered the phone at Jamie’s Whaling Station said the company was focused on the passengers and crew.

Tofino is a popular surfing and whale-watching town near the Clayoquot Sound UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

Jamie’s Whaling Station, one of the area’s largest tourist boat outfitters, was hit by a deadly tragedy once before, in 1998.

According to TSB records, two of the four people aboard a whale-watching ship, Ocean Thunder, died after a “large swell wave struck the boat from the port side.”

Pioneering female jockey not ready for pasture yet

When Debbie Waymouth started riding race horses, a career as professional jockey was closed to women.


“When I was 13 my Dad needed a track rider so good ol’ Debbie would do it and I remember saying to Dad ‘How do I pull him up at the winning post?’ and he said ‘Oh he’ll stop at the winning post’,” said Waymouth of her first ride.

Waymouth competed in the women-only races in the 1970s, known colloquially as the Powder Puff Derbies.

And while it was a thrill to compete against a full field, she said it was frustrating to see winning horses advance to bigger races while their jockeys could not.

“You’d get offered rides and you’d win on them and then they’d go into other races that were only for men,” she said.

“So you sort of missed out that way.”

But in 1989, she had her first chance to race against the men.

“It was Balnarring Cup day, I had three rides and I was lucky to ride three winners and I rode the Balnarring Cup winner and that was a really big thrill,” said Waymouth.

Now 60 years old, Waymouth is entering her forty-second year on the circuit and still can’t be caught.

This year she took out the Healesville Cup on Tearaway Tommy, a horse trained by her daughter Rebecca Waymouth.

The mother and daughter jockey and trainer team is unusual in the industry.

“It certainly bucks the mould but hey we can’t all be the same,” said Rebecca Waymouth.

The first official licenses for female jockeys were given out in 1979, and since then the number of women apprentices coming in to the sport has reached par with the men in many states.


The sport of kings is fast becoming the sport of queens.

“We definitely have a high number of applicants and currently more than 40 per cent of our apprentices are female, and since 2011 it averages about 50 per cent the intake,” said Melissa Weatherley from Racing Victoria.

In the past two years, five female jockeys have been killed.

But Ms Weatherley insists the sport is just as dangerous for men as it is for women.

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“They were unfortunate and they were all really unusual situations and we work really hard to always be improving the safety for our participants,” she said.

“I don’t think it had a negative outcome in terms of applications – we still have, if not as many, more female jockeys applying for our apprenticeship program.”

And the new recruits are likely to have Debbie Waymouth to contend with.

The veteran sayid she was still not ready to hand in her reigns

“Every time I think I might Becky gets another horse and I think ‘Oh yes that’s a nice horse I’ll give it another go.'”

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Australian travellers heading to Europe to help migrants

But she’s told SBS none of what she saw there compared to the scenes she’s witnessed on the Greek island of Lesbos where she is working with aid agency Medecins du Monde Greece.


“In terms of the amount of people and the injuries that we’re seeing and how destitute they are, and the sad looks on their faces and the sheer shock of what they’re going through. It’s really sad,” she said

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Dozens of refugees including many children have died trying to make the short but perilous journey from Turkey to Greece’s outlying islands in recent months, often in overcrowded inflatables.

More than half a million people, many of them fleeing Syria’s civil war, have managed to reach Greece on that route on their way to central and northern Europe.

Ms Zahos said in recent days at least seven people had died, including two babies who died on arrival.

She said despite the tragedy of the stories, she’s heartened by the response of many Greeks on the island who are doing what they can to help.

“People leaving garage doors open so they can shelter, handing out food, volunteering and making soup, and even handing out clothes. There was one man as we were bringing the boat that were running down with his own towels from home trying to dry children off.”

European Union and Balkan leaders have agreed to a 17-point plan to manage the movement of refugees and migrants through the Balkan Peninsula.

Measures agreed on include 100,000 places in reception centres be made available along the route from Greece to Germany – half of them in Greece, and the other half in countries to its north.

European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker said it was also agreed that the EU’s border agency Frontex would strengthen border management.

Migrants ‘particular concern’ for bushfire season

Are you prepared for bushfire season?

With scientists warning Australia is headed for a major El Nino, more hot spells and a raised bushfire risk are predicted this summer.


Migrants are being encouraged to get educated about the dangers and what to do in an emergency.

Phillippa Carisbrooke reports.

Bushfires are a reality in Australia.

In primary school, children are taught about the dangers of life in the so-called sunburnt country and how to protect themselves.

But many migrants miss out on those important life lessons.

That concerns consultant psychologist Rob Gordon, who has advised governments on how to help people affected by disasters.

“It’s very important that people who come from other cultures really be aware they’ve got to actually really try to understand this phenonomen in a way that’s more intensive than for people who’ve just had it all their lives.”

Over the last 32 years, Dr Gordon has helped countless bushfire survivors and their families.

He says it is significant that the migrants he has worked with have tended to be city dwellers who encountered trouble during trips to the country.

“Very often, the areas I’ve been involved in (that were) affected by bushfires don’t have very high populations of recent immigrants. They’re sort of rural areas or outer-suburban areas, and so it’s not such a factor. But I think visiting is a major problem, particularly if they’re not well aware of danger.”

The Australian Red Cross has released a new four-step, emergency-preparation guide to help people survive disasters, including bushfires.

It advises people to learn the risks they face and connect with members of their communities so they can help each other in case of emergencies.

The Red Cross’s Emergency Services National Preparedness Coordinator, John Richardson, says, for new arrivals, it is a good conversation starter.

“We would certainly encourage them to talk to their own community associations or people from their community who may have lived in Australia for some time. We’re aware that, certainly, the Fire Services will have information translated into other languages.”

The Australian Psychological Society Disaster Reference Group says children living in areas vulnerable to bushfire should be involved in their households’ preparations.

Senior psychologist Susie Burke says it gives them a greater sense of control and eases their fears.

Dr Burke says carers should be mindful that, in an emergency, even children not directly threatened can become anxious listening to media reports and hearing adult conversations.

“We call that a vicarious distress. But it can be quite powerful for children. It can be quite unsettling. And so, in that situation, one of the things that we recommend parents do is to reassure the children that they themselves are safe and that the people they love and care for are safe.”

A schoolgirl’s account of Victoria’s worst bushfire, the Black Saturday bushfires of 2009, illustrates a person does not need to be in the centre of an emergency to be traumatised by it.

This is what she wrote:

“Personally, I was safe. I lived two kilometres from the heart of Traralgon … However, it was terrifying … The sky glowed … Embers showered down over our driveways and gardens. It was apocalyptic … Radios everywhere blurted out round-the-clock updates, and we all listened carefully to the names of tiny towns and held our breath at the news of another victim.”

In all, 173 lives were lost in the Black Saturday bushfires.




AFL 2016 fixture elements emerge

The New Zealand experiment is in jeopardy, Carlton are banished from the Friday night spotlight and the AFL will trial Kevin Sheedy’s new big idea.


These are the latest developments as the league drip-feeds features of the 2016 fixture ahead of Thursday’s announcement.

The AFL also released the pre-season schedule on Tuesday, with new AFL coaches Brendon Bolton and Don Pyke to go up against their old clubs in the first round of the pre-season cup.

Bolton’s Carlton will open the 27-game schedule on February 18 in Launceston against three-time premiers Hawthorn.

Bolton made his name as an assistant coach at the Hawks before landing his first senior job with the Blues.

Similarly, Pyke will be in charge of Adelaide for the first time in a home game at suburban Unley Oval on February 21 against losing grand finalists West Coast.

Pyke, a two-time West Coast premiership player, left his assistant role at the Eagles to take over the Crows.

Another notable feature of the pre-season cup will be John Worsfold’s first game as Essendon coach, on February 28 against Carlton at Visy Park.

The last regular-season game between the two fierce rivals at Visy Park was round 10, 1992.

It has also emerged that the Blues will go from six Friday night games this season – which became contentious when they played so badly – to none next year.

The closest they will come to the marquee time slot is when they open the season with the traditional Thursday night blockbuster against Richmond at the MCG.

Also, the AFL website reports that St Kilda’s Anzac Day match in NZ will not go ahead next year after negotiations with Christchurch’s city council did not work out.

The Saints have played Anzac Day matches in Wellington for the past three years, but the crowd has dropped each time.

They hope to eventually play matches in Auckland.

“While we will not play a match in NZ next season, we are in positive discussions about growing the game of AFL in NZ and capitalising upon the growing support for AFL in Auckland in particular,” Saints chief executive Matt Finnis said.

And the round-four match between Essendon and Geelong at the MCG will be the AFL’s inaugural country game.

The match will honour Australia’s farmers, with the Yarra Park around the ground to host a country festival.

Sheedy was a key figure in the AFL’s latest themed game.

He also had a major role in the creation of the Essendon v Collingwood Anzac Day blockbuster – now the AFL’s biggest match outside the finals – and the Dreamtime At The ‘G indigenous match between the Bombers and Richmond.

The pre-season cup will run until March 13, with each team playing three matches over four weekends.

The Blues and Tigers will open the regular season on Easter Thursday, March 24.

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